Installing Hbase in fully distributed mode


1. Java JDK (This demo uses JDK version 1.7.0_67)
Make sure the JAVA_HOME system environment variable points to the JDK. Make sure the java executable’s directory is in the PATH environment variable, i.e., %JAVA_HOME%\bin.

2. Make sure you have installed Hadoop on your cluster, please refer my post to install the same Installing Hadoop in fully Distributed mode

Installing And Configuring Hbase

Assumptions –
For the purpose of clarity and ease of expression, I’ll be assuming that we are setting up a cluster of 2 nodes with IP Addresses - Hmaster – HRegion Server

And in my case Hmaster is also a NameNode and Region Server is DataNode.

1. Download hbase-1.1.4-bin.tar.gz from and extract to some path in your computer. Now I am calling hbase installation root as $HBASE_INSTALL_DIR.

2. Edit the file /etc/hosts on the master machine and add the following lines. master slave

 Note: Run the command “ping master”. This command is run to check whether the master machine ip is being resolved to actual ip not localhost ip.

3. As we are using hadoop installed machines so we have already setup passwordless-ssh.

4. Open the file $HBASE_INSTALL_DIR/conf/ and set the $JAVA_HOME.

     export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7.0_67

5. Configure Hbase

Case I- When HBase manages the Zookeeper ensemble

Open the file $HBASE_INSTALL_DIR/conf/  set the HBASE_MANAGES_ZK to true to indicate that HBase is supposed to manage the zookeeper ensemble internally.

export HBASE_MANAGES_ZK=true

Open the file $HBASE_INSTALL_DIR/conf/hbase-site.xml and add the following properties.


Case II- When HBase manages the Zookeeper ensemble externally

Open the file $HBASE_INSTALL_DIR/conf/ –

   export HBASE_MANAGES_ZK=false

For this configuration add two more properties in hbase-site.xml


 Note:-In our case, Zookeeper and hbase master both are running in same machine.

6. Edit the /conf/regionservers file on all the hbase cluster nodes. Add the hostnames of all the region server nodes. For eg.

7. Repeat same procedure for all the masters and region servers.

Start and Stop Hbase cluster

8. Starting the Hbase Cluster


Before starting hbase cluster start zookeeper if it externally managed .Go to <zookeeper_home>/bin

     ./ start


we have need to start the daemons only on the hbase-master machine, it will start the daemons in all regionserver machines.

Execute the following command to start the hbase cluster.



At this point, the following Java processes should run on hbase-master machine.

           14143 Jps
           14007 HquorumPeer/QuorumPeerMain(if zookeeper managed externally)
           14066 Hmaster
           9561 SecondaryNameNode
           9133 NameNode
           9783 ResourceManager


and the following java processes should run on hbase-regionserver machine.

           23026 HRegionServer
           23171 Jps
           9311 DataNode
           9966 NodeManager


9. Starting the hbase shell:-

 $HBASE_INSTALL_DIR/bin/hbase shell
 HBase Shell; enter 'help<RETURN>' for list of supported commands.
Type "exit<RETURN>" to leave the HBase Shell
Version 1.1.4, r14c0e77956f9bb4c6edf0378474264843e4a82c3, Wed Mar 16 21:18:26 PDT 2016
 hbase(main):001:0>create 't1','f1'
  0 row(s) in 1.2910 seconds


Note: – If table is created successfully, then everything is running fine.


10. Stoping the Hbase Cluster:-

Execute the following command on hbase-master machine to stop the hbase cluster.



On top of hbase we can install Apache Phoenix , which is a SQL layer on Hbase. For installation of phoenix you can refer my post Installing Phoenix – A step by step tutorial



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